The energy price assessment provides a review of the fuel types and their costs for the main heat production systems and primary energy sources associated with District Heating (DH) systems in Europe. Within this study, a review of heat production technologies and fuels is presented where the present, medium, and long-term energy costs for district heating networks are identified.


Photograph: Flo Dnd in Pexels.

The 4th generation District Heating and ULTDH have shown to be a highly efficient, environmentally friendly, and a cost-effective solution for heating and cooling. But to achieve this, conversion of DHNs is needed.

To facilitate the conversion towards ULTDH, the RELaTED project has developed an innovative concept of decentralized ULTDH networks, which allows for the incorporation of low-grade heat sources with minimal constraints. But to increase the uptake of this system, it is vital to ensure the economic viability for DH systems in their transition to ULTDH.

The RELaTED project has addressed this issue in WP4 – Economic feasibility & business analysis. The report, D4.6, serves as a summary of the main findings for this WP as it relates to the profitable operation of the RELaTED DH networks (download report D4.6 here >>). The energy price assessment are one of the topics included in the report D4.6. The following study presents a review of heat production technologies and fuels. The document also identifies the present, medium, and long-term energy costs and business cases for DH.

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